- The word “God” in Hebrew is plural, God(s)
- Both man and woman are made in the image of God(s)
- Both man and woman are made in the likeness of God(s)
The Plurality of God
Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.” —Genesis 1:26-27 (NKJV, bold added)
As a woman I am made in the image and likeness of a plural God. My husband is also made in the image and likeness of a plural God. Male and female = the two images and likenesses of God(s). It’s an extraordinary notion. But have you ever wondered what exactly it means to be made in the “image and likeness” of God(s)?
In the Genesis verses above, God makes man and woman not in “His” image but strangely in “Our” image. Clarification comes once we realize the translated word “God” (in Hebrew ʾĕlôhîym) is grammatically plural—Gods. This plurality explains the use of “Us” and “Our” as God is speaking to His/Her plural self.
The Image of God
The word “image” (tselem in Hebrew) means a representation of something such as an idol would represent a person, spirit or a god. The word tselem is used throughout the Old Testament to refer to handmade idols that represent different gods. In this sense, Adam and Eve are God’s representatives. In other words, God(s) wanting to bring both the diversity and rule of Him/Herself to earth, established two significant and commanding images to represent Themselves: male and female.
The Likeness of God
The word “likeness,” however, does not mean representation. Instead, likeness is the Hebrew word dmûwth and it surprisingly means resemblance as in “to look like.” Dmuwth is used throughout the Old Testament specifically in reference to how something looks physically. See these examples:
Now King Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria, and saw an altar that was at Damascus; and King Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the design [dmuwth—the exact physical image] of the altar and its pattern, according to all its workmanship. Then Urijah the priest built an altar according to all that King Ahaz had sent from Damascus. –2 Kings 16:10-11 (NKJV, additions mine)
GO HERE to view the statue of King Adad-iti; it contains an Assyrian inscription translated into Aramaic. “The Aramaic translation contains the words image and likeness, which are linguistically equivalent to the Hebrew terms found in Genesis 1:26. The statue is the image and likeness of the king.”
This means, of course, that both man and woman–the male image and the female image–look something like God.
The amazing truth is the “God family” created man and woman to “represent” and “look like” Them here on earth. Because of this, there is never a need to re-create an image (like a carved idol) to represent God since we are God’s true representatives. Any other representation is completely senseless:
Since we are the children of God, we have no excuse for thinking that the deity looks like anything in gold, silver or stone that has been carved and designed by a man. — Acts 17:29 (NJB, bold added)
Woman has Always Been Problematic
We readily see and acknowledge the male aspect of God since we so easily view Him in Jesus. Because the male image is so obvious and prevalent, the female image tends to be seen as secondary, mysterious and sadly, even irrelevant.
But the female image is not irrelevant. The female image of God is not secondary. She may, however, be mysterious… and that is why I have chosen to address this topic.